According to one study, particularly low temperatures are responsible for about 20 times more deaths than above average levels “Weather-sensitive” should be around 30 percent of the population in Central Europe. According to a large international study, cold is obviously more dangerous than heat. However, such investigations are not uncontroversial. The correlation of observations does not yet indicate a causal relationship. According to a study in the journal “Lancet”, cold weather is much more damaging to health than warm weather. The researchers had evaluated 74 million deaths between 1985 and 2012 in 13 states across the globe for the study. Cold stresses the respiratory tract The result of the scientists: Cold is responsible for about 20 times more deaths than heat. If it is too warm, it puts a strain on the heart and circulation. If it is too cold, according to the study, problems with the respiratory tract are added as a further risk and, in addition, the immune defense is weaker. According to the study, cold was responsible for 7.29 percent of all deaths, heat only 0.42 percent. But: Extreme temperatures – whether icy cold or high heat – were responsible for relatively few deaths. Most weather-related deaths occurred on moderately hot days, and especially on slightly cold days, as explained by scientist. In Madrid, for example, most people died at eight degrees. The second highest rash had the curve at 25 degrees. At extreme temperatures around zero and over 30 degrees, the curve flattened off sharply. According to the data, the ideal temperature for health would be around 22 degrees for Spain. Whether hot, humid or cold, dry countries: the graph, the deaths and temperature in relation to each other, results in almost all climates a kind of M. Three phenomena Overall, a distinction is made between three phenomena: A “weather reaction” is the normal reaction of the body to a corresponding environmental stimulus – for example, sweating or freezing at high or low temperatures. Thus, the body keeps its core temperature as stable as possible. Weather sensitivity is an increased response from people to certain weather conditions. A lowered stimulation threshold favors such complaints. Weather sensitivity is usually acquired in the course of life. These are typically scar or bone pain after previous injuries or fractures in certain weather conditions. With migraine or pain , the body reacts especially in case of significant weather change and temperature fluctuations. Basically, it depends on the weather-sensitive each of which situation your body reacts with complaints. Certain weather conditions are always a disadvantage for individual groups. For example, in a very cold and humid winter, rheumatics and people with inflammation suffer most. Frosty, dry winter air, on the other hand, causes discomfort, especially among asthmatics. Moisture, cold or dryness causes less problems for cardiovascular patients. However, if temperatures change very quickly and there are pressure differences.
Headaches, migraines or inner restlessness: These are just a few examples of how the weather affects the human organism. But how does meteorological headache develop? I’ll explain what’s behind it.
Weather fluctuations bring a headache?
Many people think that the weather can have a negative effect on your well-being. The most common symptom of this so-called weather sensitivity is the headache. From a scientific point of view, it is difficult to establish a direct correlation between the occurrence of headache attacks and the course of meteorological parameters, unless one resorts to very complex statistical methods. However, the results of scientific investigations reveal very convincing relationships that can be summarized as follows: The human organism is unable to cope with rapid fluctuations in temperature, pressure, wind and sunshine.
Rapid changes are disadvantageous
Freeing the measurements of meteorological parameters from the natural, seasonal vibrations, it is clear that short-term weather changes and fluctuations are highly related to the occurrence of headaches in weather-sensitive people. This can be the case, for example, with massive cold fronts, sudden warming and even strong, gusty winds. On the other hand, there is the realization that man is very well prepared for the long seasons trend and the longer-lasting cold and hot weather conditions. According to studies, two weather conditions in the Alpine region in particular have very strong effects on persons with a tendency to migraine:
Foehn: A classic head-hunger, as the temperature in Foehn can change very quickly and the course of wind and air pressure shows marked fluctuations.
Hurricane depressions: In fast-moving storm lows and especially in hurricanes, rapid changes in pressure, temperature and wind usually occur.
Winter high-pressure areas, on the other hand, allow us to breathe deeply and relax from the head-perspiration perspective, because they bring the constancy to which our body reacts positively.
These effects can occur in the human body if its temperature is not in the normal operating range which is 36.5 ° C:
Hypothermia is the elevation of the temperature of the body, related to the body’s inability to promote the loss of heat to the environment in which it is, or even reducing heat production. This increase can be caused either by external elements such as exposure to the sun, long exposure to ovens or places of high temperature, as well as can be caused reaction of the body, against some disease or protection
And hike fever is an offset from the set point upward, hypothermia resulting from overloading of the thermoregulatory mechanisms of normal human corpo. temperature is close to 36.5 ° C. There is no serious risk from 37.5 ° C to 40 ° C. But if the temperature rises above 41 ° C (which is very rare in humans) – being activated as a defense mechanism against infectious, inflammatory and intoxicating processes – it can cause seizures. If it exceeds 43 ° C, it can lead the individual to the hospital and, in extreme cases, death due to the partial destruction of the protein structure.
Hypothermia is defined as the core body temperature falls below 35 C. It is worth noting that the core temperature, under normal conditions, is similar to the value measured in the armpit. Hypothermia can be reached quickly, for example in immersion in ice water or in direct contact with snow and ice, or slowly, when the athlete’s exposure to cold ambient temperatures becomes very aggravated when there is wind, humidity or rain.
The person is unconscious and immobile. The pupils tend to dilate and the heart and respiratory rate are almost imperceptible. The manipulation of the athlete must be very delicate, otherwise serious cardiac arrhythmia may be triggered. If the situation is not controlled, death is inevitable. Detail: The victim in severe hypothermia has such a major depression of consciousness, breathing and heartbeat that it may appear to be dead. So much so that it is important to reheat the patient.